Grade 8 Apologia Physical Science (2nd Ed) Set - TEXTBOOK EDITION

Grade 8 Apologia Physical Science [2nd Ed] Set

  • 5.8 lbs

Item #52-08--

This set includes:  # in My Cart
  Pupil Textbook $72.00
  Solutions and Tests Manual $23.00
This set includes: 2 items (set discount: 6.3%) -$6.00  
  • $89.00

This should be the last course a student takes before high school biology. Typically, we recommend that the student take this course during the same year that he or she is taking pre-algebra. Exploring Creation With Physical Science provides a detailed introduction to the physical environment and some of the basic laws that make it work. The fairly broad scope of the book provides the student with a good understanding of the earth's atmosphere, hydrosphere, and lithosphere. It also covers details on weather, motion, Newton's Laws, gravity, the solar system, atomic structure, radiation, nuclear reactions, stars, and galaxies.

The second edition of our physical science course has several features that enhance the value of the course:

  • There is more color in this edition as compared to the previous edition, and many of the drawings that are in the first edition have been replaced by higher-quality drawings.
  • There are more experiments in this edition than there were in the previous one. In addition, some of the experiments that were in the previous edition have been changed to make them even more interesting and easy to perform.
  • Advanced students who have the time and the ability for additional learning are directed to online resources that give them access to advanced subject matter.
  • To aid the student in reviewing the course as a whole, there is an appendix that contains questions which cover the entire course. The solutions and tests manual has the answers to those questions.
  • Dr. Wile has been answering student questions on each of these courses for seven years or more. Those questions have allowed him to realize what sections of the books could be written more clearly. Thus, these editions of our courses are even more understandable than the first editions!
  • The student text has graphic icons that tell the student when there is a related multimedia presentation on the supplementary multimedia CD.
  • There are course websites that have links to materials which provide extra help as well as interesting news related to each field.
  • There are cumulative tests in the solutions and tests guide if the parent/teacher wants to give the student quarterly, semester, or final exams.
  • The tests in the solutions and tests guide contain a point system that aids the parent/ teacher in grading the them.
  • Finally, even though the module tests are found in the solutions and tests manual (so that the parent/teacher always has a copy of them), a second set of tests is also provided in a perforated booklet. This will allow the student to be given the tests without referring to the solutions and tests manual.

Because of the differences between the first and second editions, students in a group setting cannot use both. They must all have the same edition.

  • Complete List of Lab Supplies

Table of Contents

MODULE #1: The Basics

  • Introduction
  • Atoms and Molecules
  • Experiment 1.1: Atoms and Molecules
  • Measurement and Units
  • The Metric System
  • Manipulating Units
  • Converting Between Units
  • Converting Between Systems
  • Experiment 1.2: Cubits and Fingers
  • Concentration
  • Experiment 1.3: Concentration

MODULE #2: Air

  • Introduction
  • The Air and Humidity
  • Experiment 2.1: Evapora
  • tion and Temperature
  • The Composition of Air
  • Experiment 2.2: Oxygen and Fire
  • Carbon Dioxide in the Air
  • Experiment 2.3: Carbon Dioxide and the Greenhouse Effect
  • Global Warming
  • Parts Per Million
  • Ozone
  • Air Pollution

MODULE #3: The Atmosphere

  • Introduction
  • Atmospheric Pressure
  • Experiment 3.1: Atmospheric Pressure
  • The Layers of Earth’s Atmosphere
  • The Homosphere
  • What Is Temperature?
  • Experiment 3.2: Seeing the Effect of Changing Temperature
  • The Temperature Gradient in the Homosphere
  • The “Hole” in the Ozone Layer
  • The Heterosphere

MODULE #4: The Wonder of Water

  • Introduction
  • The Composition of Water
  • Experiment 4.1: The Chemical Composition of Water
  • Chemical Formulas
  • Water’s Polarity
  • Experiment 4.2: Water's Polarity
  • Water as a Solvent
  • Experiment 4.3: Solvents and Solutes
  • Hydrogen Bonding in Water
  • Experiment 4.4: Comparing Solid Water to Solid Butter
  • Water’s Cohesion
  • Experiment 4.5: Water's Cohesion
  • Experiment 4.6: The Forces Between Molecules
  • Hard Water and Soft Water

MODULE #5: The Hydrosphere

  • Introduction
  • The Parts of the Hydrosphere and the Hydrologic Cycle
  • Experiment 5.1:Evaporation, Conde
  • nsation, and Precipitation
  • The Ocean
  • Glaciers and Icebergs
  • Experiment 5.2: Ice and Salt
  • Groundwater and Soil Moisture
  • Surface Water
  • Atmospheric Moisture
  • Experiment 5.3: Cloud Formation
  • Water Pollution

MODULE #6: Earth and the Lithosphere

  • Introduction
  • The Crust
  • The Mantle
  • Experiment 6.1: How Sound Travels
  • Through Different Substances
  • Experiment 6.2: A Simulation of Plastic Rock
  • The Earth’s Core
  • Experiment 6.3: Making an Electromagnet
  • Plate Tectonics
  • Experiment 6.4: A Model of Plate Tectonics
  • Earthquakes
  • Mountains and Volcanoes

MODULE #7: Factors That Affect Earth’s Weather

  • Introduction
  • Factors That Influence Weather
  • Clouds
  • Experiment 7.1: A Long-Term Weather Experiment
  • Earth’s Thermal Energy
  • Latitude and Longitude
  • Uneven Thermal Energy Distribution
  • Air Masses

MODULE #8: Weather and Its Prediction

  • Introduction
  • Precipitation
  • Thunderstorms
  • Experiment 8.1: Making Your Own Lightning
  • Tornadoes and Hurricanes
  • Weather Maps and Weather Prediction
  • Interpreting the Results of Experiment 7.1 and Making Your Own Weather Predictions
  • Experiment 8.2: Turning Experiment 7.1 into a Weather Prediction Tool

MODULE #9: An Introduction to the Physics of Motion

  • Introduction
  • Mechanics – The Study of Motion, Forces, and Energy
  • Speed: How Quickly Motion Occurs
  • Velocity: Speed and Direction
  • Experiment 9.1: The Importance of Direction
  • Acceleration: The Rate of Change in Velocity
  • The Acceleration Due to Gravity
  • Experiment 9.2: The Acceleration Due to Gravity is Independent of the Object Falling
  • Experiment 9.3: Measuring Height With a Stopwatch

MODULE #10: Newton’s Laws

  • Introduction
  • Sir Isaac Newton
  • Newton’s First Law of Motion
  • Experiment 10.1: Two Experiments Demonstrating Newton's First Law
  • Experiment 10.2: An Experiment to See How Well You Understand Newton's First Law
  • Friction
  • Experiment 10.3: Friction
  • Newton’s Second Law of Motion
  • Static and Kinetic Friction
  • Newton’s Third Law of Motion
  • Experiment 10.4: Newton's Third Law

MODULE #11: The Forces in Creation - Part 1

  • Introduction
  • The Four Fundamental Forces of Creation
  • The Gravitational Force
  • Force and Circular Motion
  • Experiment 11.1: Force and Circular Motion
  • A Fictional Force
  • The Gravitational Force at Work in Our Solar System
  • Comets
  • Hey, What About Pluto?
  • What Causes the Gravitational Force?
  • Experiment 11.2: The "Bent Space and Time" Theory of Gravity
  • Experiment 11.3: The Graviton Theory of Gravity
  • A Brief History of Our View of the Solar System

MODULE #12: The Forces in Creation - Part 2

  • Introduction
  • James Clerk Maxwell
  • The Electromagnetic Force
  • Experiment 12.1: Electrical
  • Attraction and Repulsion
  • Photons and the Electromagnetic Force
  • How Objects Become Electrically Charged
  • Experiment 12.2: Making and Using an Electroscope
  • Electrical Circuits
  • Resistance
  • Experiment 12.3: Current and Resistance
  • Switches and Circuits
  • Series and Parallel Circuits
  • Magnetism
  • Permanent Magnets

MODULE #13: The Forces in Creation - Part 3

  • Introduction
  • The Structure of the Atom
  • The Periodic Table of the Elements
  • The Strong Force
  • Radioactivity
  • The Dangers of Radioactivity
  • The Rate of Radioactive Decay
  • Radioactive Dating

MODULE #14: Waves and Sound

  • Introduction
  • Waves
  • Sound Waves
  • Experiment 14.1: The Medium Through Which Sound Waves Travel
  • The Speed of Sound
  • Experiment 14.2: The Speed of Sound
  • The Speed of Sound in Other Substances
  • Sound Wavelength and Frequency
  • Experiment 14.3: Wavelength and Sound
  • The Doppler Effect
  • Experiment 14.4: The Doppler Effect
  • The Volume of Sound
  • Experiment 14.5: The Amplitude of a Sound Wave
  • Uses of Sound Waves

MODULE #15: Light

  • Introduction
  • The Dual Nature of Light
  • Wavelength and Frequency of Light
  • Experiment 15.1: Seeing Different Wavelengths of Light
  • Reflection
  • Experiment 15.2: The Law of Reflection
  • Refraction
  • Experiment 15.3: Refraction of Light
  • Experiment 15.4: The "Magical" Quarter
  • Lenses
  • The Human Eye
  • How We Perceive Color
  • Experiment 15.5: How the Eye Detects Color
  • Adding and Subtracting Colors

MODULE #16: An Introduction to Astrophysics

  • Introduction
  • The Sun
  • Nuclear Energy
  • Classifying the Stars in the Universe
  • Variable Stars
  • Measuring the Distance to Stars
  • Galaxies
  • An Expanding Universe
  • Experiment 16.1: An Expanding Universe
  • Summing It All Up
  • Glossary
  • Appendix A
  • Appendix B
  • Appendix C: A Complete List of Lab Supplies
  • Index
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